Thursday, 29 October 2015

history board exam question papers from 2008-2014

Board Examination 2008
HISTORY
PART A
Answer all the questions given below
1. Mention any two reasons why travel accounts of foreigners are important for studying medieval times.                                                                                                                                                                         2
2. Give two reasons why the sixth century BCE is often regarded as a major turning point in early Indian history.                                                                                                                                                                        2
3.Who were Alvars Nayanars? In which languages did they sing ?                                                                  2
4. Who were the 'dubashes' in colonials cities ? Give one functions they performed ?                               2
5. State the significance of Gandhiji's speech at Banaras Hindu University.                                                   2
                                                            SECTION I
Answer any three of the following questions.
6. How did the concept of 'jati' evolve ? How was it different from Varna ?                                            4+1=5
7. "Historians find it particularly a difficult task to understand a text as complex as the Mahabharata."- Justify this statement.                                                                                                                                                5
8. Explain the importance of new questions and debates that began from the sixth centure BCE regarding Vedic traditions and practices of sacrifices.                                                                                         5
9. Explain the basic ideas of Jaina philosophy.                                                                                                       5
                                                           SECTION II
Answer any two of the following questions.
10. Asses the role played by women in the Mughal imperial household.                                                        5
11. Describe the main features of the temples in Vijaynagara Empire.                                                            5
12. Explain the role of village artisans in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.                                      5


                                                              
                                                                     SECTION III
 Answer any three of the following questions.
13. "Visual images and literature as much as the writing of history have helped in keeping alive the memory of the Revolt of 1857 "- Asses this statement.                                                                               4+1=5
14. Describe the position of the 'jotedars' at the end of the eighteenth century.                                        5
15. Explain why many leaders demanded a strong centre during the debates in the Constituent Assembly. How were powers to legislate finally divided ?                                                                          4+1=5
16. Critically examine the importance of oral history in studying an event such as the Partition of India. 5
                                                                          PART C
17. Taking the example of Bombay (Mumbai) , explain how the imperial vision of British was realized through town planning.                                                                                                                                             8
                                                                            OR
Explain the main events of the Dandi March. What is its significance in the history of the Indian National Movement ?
18. Explain the importance of the Royal Centre in Vijayanagara with a special focus on its important structures.                                                                                                                                                                    8
                                                                               OR
Who were the forest dwellers ? Explain how their lives changed in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.                                                                                                                                                               2+6=8
21. Excerpt from what Jawaharlal Nehru said in his famous speech of 13 December 1946 :
            "We say that it is our firm and solemn resolve to have an independent sovereign republic. India is bound to be sovereign, it is bound to be independent, and it is bound to be a republic.......Now some friends have raised the question : Why have you not put the word 'democratic' here ?.....Obviously we are aiming for democracy and nothing less than democracy. What form of democracy, what shape it might take is another matter.......? The democracies of the present day, many of them in Europe and elsewhere, have played a great part in the world's progress..... We are not going just to copy, I hope, a certain democratic procedure or an institution or an institution of a so called democratic country. We may improve upon it. In any event whatever system of government we may establish here must fit in with the temper of our people and acceptable to them....We stand for democracy. It will be for this House to determine what shape to give to that democracy, the fullest democracy, I hope......"
(i) What were the three basic features of the Constitution, Nehru was referring to ?
(ii) Why was he against India copying the constitutions of other countries ?
(iii) Why did he refer to the past and to the American and French Revolutions in the earlier part of the speech ?
(iv) Name the documents that Nehru introduced on 13 December, 1946. Give any one guarantee it gave to the citizens of India.
                                                                                      OR
"Without a shot being fired"
This is what Moon wrote :
    For over twenty-four hours riotous mobs were allowed to rage through this great commercial city unchallenged and unchecked. The finest bazaars were burnt to the ground without a shot being fired to disperse the incendiaries (i.e. those who stirred up conflict). The ... District Magistrate marched his (large police) force into the city and marched it out again without making any effective use of it at all ...
(i) To which event does this source refer to ? Describe what the mobs were doing.
(ii) Why did Amitsar become the scene of bloodshed later in 1947 ?
(iii) What was the attitude of the soldiers and policeman towards the mob ?
(iv)  Give one example to show how Gandhiji tried to bring about communal harmony.             2+3+2+1=8
22. On the given political map of India (on page 13) mark and name Mysore, Bihar, Goa, Delhi, Ajmer.    5
                                                                                        OR
On the given political map of India (on page 13) mark and name the following :
(i) The city where the massacre took place in 1919.
(ii) Two places, one in Bihar and one in Gujarat, where Gandhiji's earliest movements took place.
(iii) The place where the Salt March ended.
(iv) The city where the Congress passed the Quit India Resolution.
23. On the given political outline map of India (on page 15) three major Rock Edicts and two Pillar Inscriptions have been marked for as 1 to 5 with a line for each. Identify them and write the places where they were found.                                                                                                                                          5



Board Paper -HISTORY
2009
PART A
Answer all the questions given below
1. Mention any two strategies adopted by Brahmanas for enforcing the norms prescribed for different varnas.                                                                                                                                                                            2
2. Mention how the successors of Krishnadeva Raya were troubled by the rebillious Nayaks and military chiefs after his death.                                                                                                                                                   2
3. How were the village artisans compensated by the villagers foe their specialised services ? State two ways.                                                                                                                                                                               2
4. State how did the Santhals reach the Rajmahal hills.                                                                                        2
5. How did the introduction of railways in 1853 mean a change in the fortunes of the towns ? Give two examples.                                                                                                                                                                       2
                                                                                    PART B
                                                                                 SECTION I
Answer any three of the following questions
6. Describe the transformation of material culture of the Harappans after 1900 BCE.                                   5
7. Describe what do we know about Samudragupta from the Allahabad Pillar inscription composed in Sanskrit by Harishena.                                                                                                                                                 5
8. "According to the Shastras only Kshatriyas could be Kings". Do you agree with this or not ? Support your answer with evidences.                                                                                                                                      5
9. Explain the reasons for the rapid growth of Buddhism during the lifetime and after the death of Buddha.                                                                                                                                                                         5
                                                                                  SECTION II
Answer any two of the following questions
10. Explain how Bernier and other contemporary European travellers and writers described the economic and social condition of Indian woman.
11. Describe the qualities of Abul Fazl which impressed Akbar to appoint him as his advisor and spokeperson. Mention his famous book.                                                                                                        4+1=5
12. Explain why granting of titles to 'man of merit' was an important feature of Mughal polity. Give two examples.                                                                                                                                                              3+2=5
                                                                                    SECTION III
Answer any three of the following questions.
13. Explain why many groups in Britain opposed the monopoly of the East India Company over the trade with India and China.                                                                                                                                                   5
14. "Lord Dalhousie's annexations created disaffection in all the areas and principalities that were annexed by him". Justify the statement giving proper evidences with special reference to Awadh.           5
15. Examine the recomendations of the Cabinet Mission, 1946 to examine the legalities of the demands of the Indian National Congress and the demands of the Muslim League.                                                        5
16. Explain the views of N. G. Ranga on 'Objectives Resolution' introduced by Jawahar Lal Nehru.            5
17. Explain the teachings of Guru Nanak. Did he want to establish a new religion ? What happen after he left for his heavenly abode ?                                                                                                                         4+1+3=8
                                                                                             OR
Explain the popular practices of Islamic traditions.                                                                                                8
18. How can we reconstruct the political career of Gandhiji ? Explain with the help of public voice and private scripts.
                                                                                      OR
Why was salt the symbol of protest according to Gandhiji ? Explain.           
                                                                 PART D (Source Based Questions)
Read the following extracts (questions no. 19 to 21) carefully and answer the questions that follow.
19. Life in a small village
                  The Harshacharita is a biography of Harshavardhana, the ruler of Kanauj, composed in Sanskrit by his court poet, Banabhatta (c.seventh century CE). This is an excerpt from the text, an extremely rare representation of life in a settlement on the outskirts of a forest in the Vindhyas.
The outskirts being for the most part forest, many parcels of rice-land, threshing ground and arable land were being apportioned by small farmers.....it was mainly spade culture.....owing to the difficulty of ploughing the sparsely scattered fields covered with grass, with their few clear spaces, their black soil stiff as black iron....
There were people moving along with bundles of bark...countless sacks of plucked flowers,...loads of flax and hemp bundles, quantities of honey, peacocks' tail feathers, wreaths of wax, logs, and grass. Village wives hastened enroute for neighbouring villages, all intent on thoughts of sale and bearing on their heads baskets filled with various gathered forest fruits.
(i) Describe the life of the people on the outskirts of a forest in the Vindhyas.                                                3
(ii) How did the people of the village earn their living ?                                                                                        2
(iii) Describe the information we get from the inscriptions about land grants.                                                3
                                                                                      OR
Rules for monks and nuns
These are some of the rules laid down in the Vinaya Pitaka :
When a new felt (blanket/rug) has been made by a bhikkhu, it is to be kept for (at least) six years. If after less than six years he should have another new felt (blanket/rug) made, regardless of whether or not he has disposed of the first, then - unless he has been authorised by the bhikkhus - it is to forfeited and confessed.
In case a bhikkhu arriving at a family residence is presented with cakes or cooked grain-meal, he may accept two or three bowlfuls if he so desires. If he should accept more than that, it is to be confessed.
Having accepted the two or three bowlfuls and having taken them from there, he is to share them among the bhikkhus. This is the proper course here.
Should any bhikkhu, having set out bedding in a lodging belonging to the sangha - or having had it set out - and then on departing neither put it away nor have it put away, or should he go without taking leave, it is to be confessed.
(i) Dscribe the rulers prescribed for a bhikkhu when a new blanket was made by him. Was it justified ?   3
(ii) Explain the rules for going to bhiksha at the door of someone.                                                                     3
(iii) Explain the rule for punishing the bhikkhu going without leave                                                                   3
The Bazaar
Paes gives a vivid descriptions of the bazaar :
 Going forward, you have a broad and beautiful street....In this street live many merchants, and there you will find all soets of rubies, and diamonds, and emeralds, and pearls, and seed pearls, and cloths, and every other sort of thing there is on earth and that you may wish to buy. Then you have there every evening a fair where they sell many common horses and nags, and also many citrons, and limes, and oranges, and grapes, and every other kind of garden stuff, and wood; you have all in this street.
More generally, he described the city as being "the best provided city in the world" with the markets "stocked with provisions such as rice,wheat, grains, India corn and a certain amount of barley and beans, moong, pulses and horse-gram" all of which were cheaply and abundantly available. According to Fernao Nuniz, the Vijayanagara markets were "overflowing with abundance of fruits, grapes and oranges, limes, pomegranates, jackfruits, and mangoes and all very cheap". Meat too was sold in abundance in the marketplaces. Nuniz describes "mutton,pork, venison, partridges, hares, doves, quail and all kinds of birds, sparrows, rats and cats and lizards" as being sold in the market of Bisnaga(Vijayanagara).
(i) Describe the bazaar and beautiful street and any other such street you have seen.
(ii) How can you grade a city as the best city? Explain with example.
(iii) Give a brief description of Vijayanagara markets as observed by Fernao Nuniz.
                                                                                OR
Declining a royal gift
This excerpt from a sufi text describes the proceedings at Shaikh Nizamuddin Auliya's hospice in 1313
                      I (the author, Amir Hasan Sijzi) had the good fortune of kissing his ( Shaikh Nizamuddin Auliya's) feet....At this time a local ruler had sent him the deed of ownership to two gardens and much land, along with the provisions and tools for their maintenance. The ruler had also made it clear that he was relinquishing all his rights to both the gardens and land. The master...had not accepted that gift. Instead, he had lamented: What have I to do with gardens and fields and lands ? None of...our spiritual masters had engaged in such activity".
                      Then he told an appropriate story: ... Sultan Ghiyasuddin, who at the time was Ulugh Khan, came to visit Shaikh Fariduddin (and) offered some money and ownership deeds for four villages to the Shaikh, the money being for the benefits of the dervishes (sufis),and land for his use. Smiling, Shaikh al Islam (Fariduddin) said: 'Give me the money. I will dispense it to the dervishes. But as for those land deeds, keep them. There are many who long for them. Give them away to such persons."
(i) Explain the contents of the deed sent by the king to thr Rev. Shaikh Nizamuddin auliya.
(ii) Why did the Shaikh Sahib decline to have the gift ?
(iii) What did the shaikh advise to do with the gifts ?
21. What should the qualities of a national language be ?
       A few months before his death Mahatma Gandhi reiterated his views on the language question :
                  This Hindustani should be neither Ssanskritised Hindi nor Persianised Urdu, but a happy combination of both. It should also freely admit words wherever necessary from the diffrent regional languages and also assimilate words from foreign languages, provided that they can mix well and easily with our national language. Thus our national language must develop into a rich and powerful instrument capable of expressing the whole gamut of human thought and feelings. To confine oneself to Hindi or Urdu would be a crime against intelligence and the spirit of patriotism.
HARIJANSEVAK,12 October 1947
(i) Examine the views of Gandhiji on the language issue.
(i) Do you agree with the views of Gandhiji ? Give reasons.
(iii) Explain why Hindi and Urdu started growing apart,
                                                                                        OR
The problem with separate electorates
At the Round Table Conference Mahatma Gandhi stated his arguments against separate electorates for the Depressed Classes :
       Separate electorates to the "Untouchables" will ensure them bondage in perpetuity...Do you want the "Untouchables" to remain "Untouchables" for ever ? Well, the separate electorates would perpetuate the stigma. What is needed is destruction of "Untouchability", and when you have done it, the bar-sinister, which has been imposed by an insolent "superior" class upon an "inferior" class will be destroyed. When you have destroyed the bar-sinister to whom will you give the separate electorates ?
(i)Explain the views of Gandhiji on separate electorates for depressed classes.                                             3
(ii) Explain the views of Ambedkar on separate electorates.                                                                               3
(iii) Compare the views of Gandhiji and Ambedkar and give your opinion with two reasons.                       2
                                                                           PART E
22. On the given political outline map of India (on page 17) mark and label the following Harappan sites :
Lothal, Dholavira, Kalibangan, Rangpur, Banawali.
                                                                           OR
On the given political outline map of India (on page 17) mark and label any five centres of Indian National Movement.
On the given political outline map of India  (on page 19) two places under Babur's reign and three important places of South India during 14th to 18th century have been marked as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. Identify them and write their names on the lines drawn near each place.                                                                       5
Board Paper
HISTORY  2010
PART  A
Answer all the questions given below.
1.Mention how according to Jainism, one can free oneself from the cycle of karma.                                     2
2. Where were the forest dweller termed jungli ? give any two reasons.                                                          2
3. Mention two characteristics features of the temple complexes in Vijayanagara .                                       2
4.Mention two fears of Conservatives in introducing social changes in the new cities built by the British.2
5. Who were Dubashes ? What did they do in Madras (Chennai) ?                                                                    2
                                                                           PART  B
                                                                          SECTION  I
Answer any three of the following questions
6. Describe briefly how the study of artefacts helps in identifying social differences of the Harappan period.                                                                                                                                                                            5
7. What did B.B. Lal note about the houses in the second phase of the Mahabharata period (c.-twelfth centuries BCE) ? Explain.                                                                                                                                             5
8. Critically examine why Sanchi survived while Amaravati did not.                                                                   5
9. "An understanding of the function of an artefact is often shaped by its resemblance with present day things." Support your answer with suitablt evidence.                                                                                           5
                                                                            SECTION II
Answer any two of the following questions.
10. Explain the observations of Ibn Battuta about the crisis of India, with special references to Delhi.     5
11."Granting of titles to men of merit was an important aspect of Muhgal polity." Justify the statement with suitable evidence.                                                                                                                                               5
12. Describe the significance of temple building in the Sacred Centre of Vijayanagara .                               5
                                                                              SECTION  III
Answer any three of the following questions.
13. Describe briefly the chans that came about in the Indian towns during the 18th century.                    5
14. Examine the structure of authority and administration that the rebels wanted after the collapse of British rule in India.                                                                                                                                                     5
15. Critically examine the experiences of injustice felt by ryots on the refusal of extending loans to them after 1830s.                                                                                                                                                                  5
16. How did the Congress ministries contributes to the widening of the rift between the Congress and the Muslim League ? Explain.                                                                                                                                   5
                                                                                 PART  C
17. Explain the ideas expressed by Gandhiji in his address at the time of opening of Banaras Hindu University in Februaey 1916. Did he put his precepts into practice ? Give examples.                                  8
                                                                                  OR
How do autobiographies, Government records and newspapers help us in knowing about Gandhiji ? Explain.
18. Explain the variety of sources used by the historians to reconstruct histories of religious traditions.8
                                                                                OR
Explain how the biography of the saint poetess Mirabai has been primarily constructed. How did she defy the norms of society ?
                                                   PART  D (Source Based Questions)
Read the following extracts (questions no. 19 to 21) carefully and answer the questions that follow.
19. How tanks were built
About a tank constructed by Krishnadeva Raya, Paes wrote :
            The king made a tank...at the mouth of two hills so that all the water which comes from either one side or the other collects there ; and, beside this, water comes to it from more than three leagues (approximately 15 kilometres) by pipes which run along the lower parts of the range outside. This water is brought from a lake which itself overflows into a little river. The tank has three large pillars handsomely carved with figures ; these connect above with certain pipes by which they get water when they have to irrigate their gardens and rice-fields. In oeder to make this tank the said king broke down a hill...In the tank I saw so many people at work that there must have been fifteen or twenty thousand men, looking like ants...
(i) Explain briefly where the tank was constructed.
(ii) Explain briefly the sources of water for the tanks.
(iii) Explain  briefly the advantages of constructing tanks.
                                                                                   OR
Cash or kind ?
The Ain on land revenue collection :
           Let him (the amil-guzar) not make it a practice of taking only in cash but also in kind. The latter is effected in several ways. First, kankut : in the Hindi language kan signifies grain, and kut, estimates...If any doubts arise, the crops should be cut and estimated in three lots, the good, the middling, and the inferior, and the hesitstion removed. Often, too, the land taken by appraisement, gives a sufficiently accurate return. Secondly,batai, also called bhaoli, the crops are reaped and stacked and divided by agreement in the presence of the parties. But in this case several intelligent inspectors are required; otherwise, the evil-minded and false are given to deception. Thirdly, khet-batai, when they divide the fields after they are sown. Fourthly, lang batai, after cutting the grain, they form it in heaps and divide it among themselves, and each takes his share home and turns it to profit.
(i) Explain the term kankut.                                                                                                                                         2
(ii) Explain the system of batai or bhaoli system of land revenue collection.                                                    2
(iii)Explain the system of lang batai.                                                                                                                          2
(iv) Which system of land revenue collection, do you think, is better and why ?                                             2
20. "The real minorities are the masses of this country"
Welcoming the Objectives Resolution introduced by Jawaharlal Nehru, N.G. Ranga said :
         Sir, there is a lot of talk about minorities. Who are the real minorities ? Not the Hindus in the so called Pakistan provinces, not the Sikhs, not even the Muslims. No, the real minorities are the masses of this country. These people are so depressed and oppressed and suppressed till now that they are not able to take advantage of the ordinary civil rights. What is the position ? You go to the tribal areas. According to law, their own traditional law,their tribal law, their lands cannot be alienated. Yet our merchants go there, and in the so called free market they are able to snatch their lands. Thus, even though the law goes against this snatching away of their lands, still the merchants are able to turn the tribal people into veritable slaves by various kinds of bonds, the ordinary villagers. There goes the money lender with his money and he is able to get the villagers in his pockets. There is the landlord himself, the zaminder, and the malguzar and there are the various other people who are able to exploit these poor villagers. There is no elementary education even among these people. These are the real minorities that need protection and assurances of protection. In order to give them the necessary protection, we will need much more than this Resolution...
(i)How is the notion of minority defined by N.G. Ranga ?                                                                                     2
(ii) Do you agree with Ranga ? If not, mention who are the real minorities according to you and why ?    2
(iii) Explain the conditions of ordinary villagers ?                                                                                                   2
(iv) Describe the living conditions of yhe tribals.                                                                                                    2
                                                                                OR
"I believe separate electorates will be suicidal to the minorities"
During the debate on 27 August 1947, Govind Ballabh Pant said :
I believe separate electorates will be suicidal to the minorities and will do them tremendous harm. If they are isolated for ever, they can never convert themselves into a majority and feeling of frustration will cripple them even from the very begining. What is it that you desire and what is our ultimate objective ? Do the minorities always want to remain as minorities or do they ever expect to form an integral part of a great nation and as such to guide and control its destinies ? If they do, can they ever achieve that aspiration and that ideal if they are isolated from the rest of the community ? I think it would be extremely dangerous for them if they were sehregated from the rest of the community and kept aloof in an air-tight compartment where they would have to rely on others even for the air they breathe...The minorities if they are returned by separate electorates can never have any effective voice.
(i) How will separate electorates prove suicidal to the minorities ? Explain the views of G.B.Pant.          4
(ii) Will the creation of separate electorates solve the problem of minorities ? If so, how ?                       3
(iii) Suggest any one way to solve the problem of minorities.                                                                             1
21. The wealthy Shudra
This story, based on a Buddhist text in Pali known as the Majjhima Nikaya, is a part of a dialogue between a king named Avantiputta and a disciple of the Buddha named Kachchana. While it may not be literally true, it reveals Buddhist attitudes towards varna.
        Avantiputta asked Kachchana what he thought about Brahmanas who held that they were the best caste and that all other castes were low; that Brahmanas were a fair caste while all other castes were dark; that only Brahmanas were pure, not non-Brahmanas; that Brahmanas were sons of Brahma, born of his mouth, born of Brahma, formed by Brahma, heirs to Brahma.
Kachchana replied : "What if a shudra were wealthy...would another shudra...or a Kshatriya or a Brahmana or a Vaishya...speak politely to him ?"
Avantiputta replied that if a shudra had wealth or corn or gold or silver, he could have as his obedient srevant another shudra to get up earlier than he, to go to rest later, to carry out his orders, to speak politely; or he could have even have a Kshatriya or a Brhmana or a Vaishya as his obedient servant.
Kachchana asked : "This being so, are not these four varnas exactly the same ?"
Avantiputta conceded that there was no difference amongst the varnas on this account.
(i) What did Avantiputta want to know from Kachchana about Brahmanas ?                                                 3 (ii) What was Kachchana's reply ? Explain.                                                                                                           2
(iii) If a shudra had wealth, would Brahmanas and others speak to him politely ? Give reasons.                 3
                                                                         OR
A mother's advice
The Mahabharata describes how, when war between the Kauravas and the Pandavas became almost inevitable, Gandhari made one last appeal to her eldest son Duryadhana :
         By making peace you honour your father and me, as well as yuor well-wishers...it is the wise man in control of his senses who guards his kingdom. Greed and anger drag a man away from his profits; by defeating these two enimies a king conquers the earth... You will happily enjoy the truth, my son, along with the and heroic Pandavas...There is no good in a war, no law (dharma) and profit (artha), let alone hapiness; noe is there (necessarily) victory in the end - don't set your mind on war...
Duryadhana did not listen to this advice and fought and lost the war.
(i) Explain briefly Gandhari's appeal to Duryadhana.                                                                                             3
(ii) Do you agree with Gandhari's advice to Duryadhana ?Give two arguments in support of your answer3
(iii) Why did Duryadhana not listen to his mother's advice ? Give two possible reasons.                               2
                                                                             PART  E
22. On the given political outline map of India (on page 17) mark and label any five Harappan sites.        5
                                                                                OR
On the given political outline map of India (on page 17) mark and label the following centres of Revolt of 1857 :
Lucknow, Azamgarh, Jabalpur, Agra, Delhi
23. On the given political outline map of India (on page 19) five centres of National Movement have been marked as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. Identify them and write their names on the line drawn near them.                5



Board paper
HISTORY  2010--11
PART  A
Answer all the questions given below.
1. Mention two strategies adopted to identify social differences among the Harappans.                             2
2. Mention any two characteristics of the cities in the Indian sub-continent, as described by Ibn Battuta 2
3. Give the meaning of Zimma. Who were Zimmis ?                                                                                           2
4. Mention two differences between White towns Black towns during early British period.                        2
5. Why was Salt March notable ? Mention two reasons.                                                                                    2
                                                                           PART  B
Answer any three of the following questions.
6. " Early Buddhist teachings had given great importance to self-effort in achieving Nibbana." Justify the statement.                                                                                                                                                                   5
7. Describe how, according to Manusmriti, paternal estate was to be divided after the death of the parents with special reference to rights of women.                                                                                             5
8. "The mid-first millennium BCE is often regarded as a turning point in world history." Justify the statement.                                                                                                                                                                 5
9. Describe how Buddha's teachings have been reconstructed from the stories of Sutta Pitaka.                 5
                                                                         SECTION  II
Answer any two of the following questions.
10. Describe briefly how the emperor began his day in the balcony and at Diwan-i-am.                               5
11. Name the author of 'Buddha Nama'. Describe its content.                                                                          5
12. "Strain began to show within the imperial structure following Krishnadeva Raya's death in 1529." Critically examine the statement.                                                                                                                           5
                                                                          SECTION  III
Answer any three of the following questions.
13. "Amidst allthe turmoil following March 1947, Gandhiji's valient efforts bore fruit to bring harmony among the people." Justify the statement.                                                                                                            5
14. Explain the impact of refusal of money-lenders to extend loans to Ryots, around 1865, under the colonial rule in India.                                                                                                                                                5
15. How did the colonial cities reflect the mercantile culture of the British rulers ? Explain.                        5
16. "The national movement in the twentieth century drew its inspiration from the events of 1857." Support this statement with examples.                                                                                                                 5
                                                                          PART  C
17. Explain the sources from which we can reconstruct the political career of Mahatma Gandhi and the history of National Movement of India.                                                                                                                  8
                                                                           OR
"Wherever Gandhiji went rumours spread of his miraculous powers." Explain with examples.
18. Why were Jati Panchayats formed during 16th and 17th centuries ? Explain their functions and authority.                                                                                                                                                                    8
                                                                            OR
How was agriculture organised around two major seasonal cycles during the 16th and 17th centuries ? Was it only for subsistence or otherwise ? Explain.
                                                PART  D  (Source Based Questions)
Read the following extracts (questions no. 19 to 21) carefully and answer the questions that follow.
19. The child sati
      This is perhaps one of the most poignant descriptions by Bernier :
      At Lahore I saw a most beautiful young widow sacrificed, who could not, I think, have been more thantwelve years of age. The poor little creatre appeared more dead than alive when she approached the dreadful pit; the agony of her mind cannot be described; she trembled and wept bitterly; but three or four of the Brahmanas, assisted by by an old woman who held under the arm, forced the unwilling victim toward the fatal spot, seated her on the wood, tied her hands and feet, lest she should run away, and in that situation the innocent creature was burnt alive. I found it difficult to repress my feelings and to prevent their bursting forth into clamorous and unavailing rage...
(i) Describe what Bernier saw at Lahore.                                                                                                                2
(ii) How had the agony of the girl been described ?                                                                                             3
(iii) How and why was the girl forced towards the fatal spot ?                                                                           3
                                                                           OR
Nuts like a man's head
The following is how Ibn Battuta described the coconut :
These trees are among the most peculiar trees in kind and most astonishing in habit. They look exactly like date-palms, without any difference between them except that the one produces nuts as its fruits and the other produces dates. The nut of a coconut tree resembles a man's head, for in it are what look like two eyes and a mouth, and the inside of it when it is green looks like the brain, and attached to it is a fibre which looks like hair. They make from this cords with which they sew up ships instead of (using) iron nails, and they (also) make it cables for vessels.
(i) Explain the uses of the coconut.                                                                                                                         3
(ii) Explain the difference between coconut tree and palm tree ?                                                                      1
(iii) How has the coconut been described similar to man's head ?                                                                     2
(iv) Do you agree or not with the explanation given by Ibn Battuta ? Explain.                                                2
20. "A voice in the wilderness"
  Mahatma Gandhi knew that his was "a voice in the wilderness" but he nevertheless continued to                                                                                                                                                                                 oppose the idea of Partition :
        But  what a tragic change we see today. I wish the day may come again when Hindus and Muslims  will do nothing without mutual consultation. I am day and night tormented by the question what I can do to hasten the coming of that day. I appeal to the League not to regard any Indian as its enemy ... Hindus and Muslims are born of the same soil. They have the same blood, eat the same food, drink the same water and speak the same language.
                                                                                                 SPEECH AT PRAYER MEETING, 7 SEPTEMBER 1946,
                                                                                                                                                CWMG, VOL.92, P. 136
But I am firmly convinced that the Pakistan demand as put forward by the Muslim League is un-Islamic and I have not hesitated to call it sinful. Islam stands for the unity and brotherhood of mankind, not for disrupting the oneness of the human family. Therefore, those who want to divide India into possible warring groups are enemies alike of Islam and India. They may cut me to pieces but they cannot me subscribe to something which I consider to be wrong.
(i) Explain what did Gandhiji wish to see again.                                                                                                   3
(ii) Explain how the demand for Pakistan was un-Islamic.                                                                                  3
(iii) Why did Mahatma Gandhi say that his voice was a voice in the wilderness ? Explain.                            2
                                                                                    OR
What "recovering" women meant
Here is the experience of a couple, recounted by Prakash Tandon in his Punjabi Century an autobiographical social history of colonial Punjab :
In one instance, a Sikh youth who had run amuck during the partition persuaded a massacring crowd to let him take away a young, beautiful Muslim girl. They got married, and slowly fell in love with each other. Gradually the memories of her parents, who had been killed, and her former life faded. They were happy together, and a little boy was born. Soon, however, social workers and the police, labouring assiduously to recover abducted women, began to track down the couple. They made inquiries in the Sikh's home-district of Jalandhar; he got scent of it and the family ran away to Calcutta. Meanwhile, the couple's friends tried to obtain a stay-order from the court but the law was taking its ponderous course. From Calcutta the couple escaped to some obscure Punjab village, hoping that the police would fail to shadow them. His wife was expecting again and now nearing her time. The Sikh sent the little boy to his mother and took his wife to a sugar-cane field. He made her as comfortable as he could in a pit while he lay with a gun, waiting for the police, determining not to lose her while he was alive. In the pit he delivered her with his own hands. The next day she ran high fever, and in three days she was dead. He had not dared to take her to the hospital. He was so afraid the social workers and the police would take her away.
(i) Describe the tragic experience of the Sikh youth who persuaded the killers to let him tae the girl with him.                                                                                                                                                                2
(ii) Why did the social worker and police want to recover the Muslim girl ?                                                     2
(iii) Explain the relations between both, the Musim girl and the Sikh youth.                                                   2
(iv) How did the girl die ? Explain.                                                                                                                           2
21. Life in a small village
    The Harshacharita is a biography of Harshavardhana, the ruler of Kannauj, composed in Sanskrit by his court poet, Banabhatta (c. seventh century CE). This is an excerpt form the text, an extremely rare representation of life in a settlement on the outskirts of a forest in the Vindhyas:
   The outskirts being the most part forest, many parcels of rice-land, threshing ground and arable land were being apportioned by small farmers ... it was mainly spade culture ... owing to the difficulty of ploughing the sparsely scattered fields covered with grass, with their few clear spaces, their black soil stiff as black iron ...
            

              There were people moving along with bundles of bark ... countless sacks of plucked flowers, ... loads of flax and hemp bundles, quantities of honey, peacock's tail feathers, wreaths of wax, logs, and grass. Village wives hastened en route for neighbouring villages, all intent on thoughts of sale and bearing on their heads baskets filled with various gathered forest fruits.
(i) Who was the author of 'Harshacharita' ?                                                                                                          1
(ii) Describe the outskirts of a forests in the vindhyas.                                                                                          3
(iii) Describe the activities of the people of that area. Mention two main activities of the farmers of that time and of today.                                                                                                                                      3
(iv) Mention two activities of the village women.                                                                                                 1

                                                                                  OR
The anguish of the king
              When the king Devanampiya Piyadassi had been ruling for eight years, the (country of the) Kalingas (present-day coastal Orissa) was conquered by (him).  One hundred and fifty thousand men were deported, a hundred thousand were killed, and many more died.
                        After that, now that (the country of) the Kalingas has been taken, Devanampiya (is devoted) to an itense study of Dhamma, to the love of Dhamma, and to instructing (the people) in Dhamma. This is the repentance of Devanampiya on account of his conquest of the (country of the) Kalingas.
                       For this is considered very painful and deplorable by Devanampiya that, while one is conquering an unconquered (country) slaughter, death and deportation of people (take place) there ...
(i) Who was called 'Devanampiya Piyadassi' ? Give his brief description.                                                          1
(ii) Mention the importance and limitations of inscriptions.                                                                                3
(iii) Explain the effects of war of Kalinga on Ashoka.                                                                                            2
(iv) Why did the king repent after the war of Kalinga ?                                                                                       2


                                                                                 PART E
22. On the given political outline map of India (on page 17) mark and lagel the following towns :  (3+2=5)
(i) Mathura, Puhar, Kannauj
(ii) Two places of major Buddhist sites : Amaravati, Sanchi.

                                                                                   OR
              On the given political outline map of India (on page 17) mark and label five important towns of South India during 14th to 18th century.                                                                                                  5
              Mysore, Kolar, Golconda, Bidar, Thanjavur.
23. On the given political outline map of India (on page 19) five important centres of the revolt of 1857  have been marked as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. Identify them and their names on the line drawn near them.
                           
                                                              













  BOARD PAPER (2012)-HISTORY
                                                                                     PART- A
1. What does the motif of a woman, surrounded by lotuses and elephants, depict ? Mentions the two opinions.                                                                                                                                                       2
2.  What does the third part of the Ain, 'Mulk Abadi' deal with ?                                                                      2
3. Mentions any two ceremonies performed on the occasion of Mahanavami Dibba.                                   2
4. How was the separation between town and country fluid ? State any two reasons.                                  2
5. Mention two new transport facilities introduced in the new colonial cities and also one important effect of it.                                                                                                                                                    2
                                                                                      PART- B
                                                                                    SECTION 1
Answer any three of the following questions.
6. Describe briefly how the Mauryan Empire was regarded as a major landmark in history.                        5
7. What did B.B Lal note about the houses in the second phase of the Mahabharata period (c. twelfth-seventh centuries BCE) ? Explain.                                                                                                              5
8. "An understanding of the function of an artefacts is often shaped by its resemblance with presesnt day things." Support your answer with suitable evidence.                                                                   5
9. Critically examine why Sanchi survived while Amaravati did not.                                                                   5
                                                                                   SECTION II
Answer any two questions of the following questions.
10. Explain how the prosperity of towns has been explained by the historians on the basis of Ibn Battuta's observations.                                                                                                                               5
11. Describe the significance of temple building in the Sacred Centre of Vijaynagara.                                   5
12. "Granting of tites to men of merit was an important aspect of Mughal polity." Justify the statement with suitable evidence.
                                                                                SECTION III
Answer any three of the following questions.
13. Critically examine the experiences of injustice felt by ryots on the refusal of extending loans to them after 1830s.                                                                                                                                                   5
14. How do the official accounts present the Revolt of 1857 ? Explain.                                                             5
15. Describe briefly the changes that came about in the Indian towns during the 18th century.                 5
16. Explain how the migration in Bengal was more protracted.                                                                          5
                                                                            PART- C
17. Explain the variety of sources used by the historians to reconstruct histories of religious traditions.  8
18. Explain the ideas expressed by Gandhiji in his address at the time of opening of Banaras Hindu University in February 1916. Did he put precepts into practise ? Give examples.                             8
OR
How do autobiographies, Government records and newspapers help us in knowing about Gandhiji ? Explain.               
                                                                  PART D (Source Based Questions)
Read the following extracts (questions no. 19 to 21) carefully and answer the questions that follow.
19. How tanks were built
The king made a tank ... at the mouth of the two hills so that all the water which comes from either one side or the other collects there; and, besides this, water comes to it from more than three leagues (approximately 15 ilometres) by pipes which run along the lower parts of the range outside. This water is brought from a lake which itself overflows into a little river. The tank has three large pillars handsomely carved with figures; these connect above with certain pipes by which they get water when they have to irrigate their gardens and rice-fields. In order to make this tank the said king broke down a hill ... In the tank I saw so many people at work that there must have been fifteen or twenty thousand men, looking like ants ...
(i) Explain briefly where the tank was constructed.                                                                                               2
(ii) Explain briefly the sources of water for the tanks.                                                                                          3
(iii) Explain briefly the advantages of constructing tanks.                                                                                   3
OR
Cash or kind ?
The Ain on land revenue collection :
        Let him (the amil- guzar) not make it a practise of taking only in cash but also in kind. The latter i effected in several ways. First, kankut : in the Hindi language kan signifies grain, and kut, estimates .... If any dobts arise, the crops should be cut and estimated in three lots, the good, the middling, and the inferior, and the hesitation removed. Often, too, the land taken by appraisement, gives a sufficiently accurate return. Secondly, batai, also called bhaoli, the crops are reaped and stacked and divided by agreement in the presence of the parties. But in this case
several intelligent inspectors are required; otherwise, the evil-minded and false are given to deception. Thirdly, khet-batai, when they divide the fields after they are sown. Fourthly, lang batai, after cutting the grain, they form it in heaps and divide it among themselves, and each takes his share home and turns it to profit.
(i) Explain the term kankut.                                                                                                                                         2
(ii) Expalin the system of batai or bhaoli system of land revenue collection.                                                   2
(iii) Explain the system of lang batai.                                                                                                                      2
(iv) Which system of land revenue collection, do you think, is better and why?                                             2
      20. " The real minorities are the masses of this country"
               Welcoming the Objectives Resolution introduced by Jawaharlal Nehru, N.G. Ranga said :
                Sir, there is a lot of talk about minorities. Who are the real minorities? Not the Hindus in the so-called Pakistan provinces, not the Sikhs, not even the Muslims. No, the real minorities are the masses of this country. These people are so depressed and oppressed and suppressed till now that they are not able to take advantage of the ordinary civil rights. What is the position? You go to the tribal areas. According to law, their own traditional law, their tribal law, their lands cannot be alienated. Yet our merchants go there, and in the so-called free market they are able to snatch their lands. Thus, even though the law goes against this snatching away of their lands, still the merchants are able to turn the tribal people into veritable slaves by various kinds of bonds, and make them hereditary bond-slaves. Let us go to the ordinary villagers. There goes the money-lender with his money and he is able to get the villagers in his pocket. There is the landlord himself, the zamindar, and the malguzar and there are the various other people who are able to exploit these poor villagers. There are the real minorities that need protection and assurances of protection. In order to give them the necessary protection, we will need much more than this Resolution ...
(i) How is the notion of minority defined by N. G. Ranga ?                                                                               2
(ii) Do you agree with Ranga ? If not, mention who are the real minorities according to you and why.    2
(iii) Explain the conditions of ordinary villagers.                                                                                                2
(iv) Describe the living conditions of the tribals.                                                                                               2
                                                                   OR
" I believe separate electorates will be suicidal to the minorities"
During the debates on 27th August 1947, Ballabh Pant said :
I believe separate electorates will be suicidal to the minorities and will do them tremendous harm. If
they are isolated for ever, they can never convert themselves into a majority and the feeling of
frustration will cripple them even from the very begining. What is it that you desire and what is our ultimate objective ? Do the minorities always want to remain as minorities or do they ever expect to form an integral part of a great nation and as such to guide and control its destinies ? If they do, can they ever achieve that aspiration and that ideal if they are isolated from the rest of the community ? I think it would be extremely dangerous for them if they were segregated from the rest of the community and kept aloof in an air-tight compartment where they would have to rely on others even for the air they breathe...The minorities if they are returned by separate electorates can never have any effective voice.
(i) How will separate electorates prove suicidal to the minorities ? Explain the views of G.B. Pant.            4
(ii) Will the creation of separate electorates solve the problem of minorities ? If so, how ?                         3
(iii) Suggest any one way to solve the problem of minorities.                                                                             1
21. The wealthy Shudra
This story, based on a buddhist text in Pali known as the Majjhima Nikaya, is part of a dialogue between a king named Avantiputta and a disciple of the Buddha named Kachchana. While it may not be literally true, it reveals Buddhist attitudes towards varna.
              Avantiputta asked Kachchana what he thought about Brahmanas who held that were the best caste and that all other castes were low; that Brahmanas were a fair caste while all other castes were dark; that only Brahmanas were pure, not non-Brahmanas; that Brahmanas were sons of Brahma, born of his mouth, born of Brahma, formed by Brahma, heirs to Brahma.
              Kachchana replied : "What if a Shudra were wealthy... would another Shudra...or a Kshatrita or a Brahmana or a Vaishya...speak politely to him ?"
              Avantiputta replied that if a Shudra had wealth or corn or gold or silver, he could have as his obedient servant another Shudra to get up earlier than he, to go to rest later, to carry out his orders, to speak politely; or he could even have a Kshatriya or a Brahmana or a Vaishya as his obedient servant.
              Kachchana asked: "This being so, are not these four varnas exactly the same ?"
              Avantiputta conceded that there was no difference amongst the varnas on this count.
(i) What did Avantiputta want to know from Kachchana about Brahmanas ?                                                 3
(ii) What was Kachchana's reply? Explain.                                                                                                             2
(iii) If a Shudra had wealth, would Brahmanas and others speak to him politely? Give reasons.                  3

                                                                              OR
A mother's advice
The Mahabharata describes how, when war between the Kauravas and the Pandavas became almost inevitable, Gandhari made one last appeal to her eldest son Duryodhana:
By making peace you honour your father and me, as well as your well-wishers ... it is the wise man in control of his senses who guards his kingdom. Greed and anger drag a man away from his profits; by defeating these two enemies a king conquers the earth ... You will hppily enjoy the earth, my son along with the wise and heroic Pandavas ... There is no good in a war, no law (dharma) and profit (artha), let alone happiness; nor is there (necessarily) victory in the end- don't set your mind on war...
Duryodhana did not listen to this advise and fought and lost the war.
(i) Explain breifly Gandhari's appeal to Duryodhana?                                                                                          3
(ii) Do you agree with Gandhari's advice to Duryodhana? Give two arguments in suppport of your answer.                                                                                                                                                          3
(iii) Why did Duryodhana not listen to his mother's advice? Give two possible reasons.                               2
22. On the given political outline map of India (on page 17) mark and label any five Harappan sites.        5
                                                                                     OR
On the given political outline map of India (on page 17) mark and label the following centres of revolt of 1857:
               Lucknow, Azamgarh, Jabalpur, Agra, Delhi.
23. On the given political outline map of India (on page 19), five centres of National Movements have been marked as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. Identify them and write their names on the line drawn near them. 5

                            


(BOARD PAPERS-HISTORY) 2013-14
PART- A
1. How did Magadha become the most powerful mahajanapada between sixth to fourth century BCE? Give two reasons.                                                                                                                                        2
2. Who were Alvars and Nayanars? Mention the support they got from the Chola rulers.                   1+1=2
3. How did changes occur in the building pattern of colonial cities after the revolt of 1857? cite any two examples.                                                                                                                                                      2

                                                                                PART- B
4. " The drainage system in Harappan civilisation indicates town planning." Support the statement with examples.                                                                                                                                                       5
5. Describe the factors that led to the growth of Puranic Hinduism in India during 6th century BCE.
6. Mention any two features of gotra as per the Brahmanical practise. What evidences do we get from the Satavahanas inscriptions regarding the inheritance of gotra? Explain.                                2+3=5

                                                                            SECTION- II
Answer any one of the following questions:
7. "Vijayanagara was characterized by a distinctive building style." Support this statement with the sacred architectural examples of Vijayanagara.                                                                                     5
8. How were the subsistence and commercial production closely intertwined in an average peasant's holding during the Mughal period in 16th and 17th centuries? Explain.                                             5

                                                                           




                                                                        SECTION- III
9. Critically examine the experience of the ryots on the refusal of moneylenders to extend loans to them after 1830.                                                                                                                                                      5
 10. "The relationship of the sepoys with the superior white officers underwent a significant change in the years preceding the uprising of 1857." Support the statement with examples.                         5
                                                                        SECTION- IV
11. (11.1) " The rebel proclamation of 1857 emphasised the values of coexistence amongst different communities under Mughal Empire." Explain.                                                                                         3
        (11.2)   Suggest two ways to bring peaceful coexistence and fraternity in the contemporary Indian society.                                                                                                                                                          2
12. Explain the role of zamindars in Mughal India during 16th-17th century.                                       5+5=10
                                                                               OR
Explain the chief characterised of provincial administration of the Mughal Empire. Why has Mughal nobility been considered as an important pillar of the Mughal state? Explain.
13. Describe the different sources from which we can reconstruct the political career of Gandhiji and the history of the nationalist movement.
                                                                               OR
Describe the strengths and weakness of oral history. Mention any four sources from which the history of partition has been constructed.
14. Read the following passage caarefully and answer the questions that follow:
                                                     The Sudarshana (beautiful) Lake in Gujarat
              The Sudarshana lake was an artificial reservoir. We know about it from a rock inscription (c. second century CE) in Sanskrit, composed to record the achievements of the Shaka ruler Rudradaman.
             The inscription mentions that the lake, with embankments and water channels, was built by a local governer during the rule of the Mauryas. However, a terrible storm broke the embankments and water gushed out of the lake. Rudradaman, who was then ruling in the area, claimed to hhave got the lake repaired using his own resources, without imposing any tax on his subjects.

              Another inscriptions on the same rock (c. fifth century) mentions how one of the Gupta dynasty got the lake repaired once again.
(14.1) Mention about the irrigation system of the Mauryan Empire.
(14.2) Explain about the achievements of Rudradaman during the 2nd century CE.
(14.3) Mention the values demonstrated by Rudradaman that can be seen from the passage.
                                                                               OR
                                                                    Draupadi's Question
           Draupadi is supposed to have asked Yudhisthira whether he had lost himself before staking her. Two contrary opinions were expressed in response to this question.
         One, that even if Yudhisthira had lost himself earlier, his wife remained under his control, so he could stake her.
          Two, that an unfree man (as Yudhisthira was when he had lost himself) could not stake another person.
          The matter remained unresolved: ultimately, Dhritarashtra restored to the  Pandavas and Draupadi their personal freedom.
(14.1) How has Draupadi's status as a wife been shown in the passage?
(14.2) Explain the contrary opinions expressed.
(14.3) Was the challenge given to Yudhisthira by Draupadi justified? Support your answer with two reasons.
15. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:
                                                                          The child sati
This is perhaps one of the most poignant descriptions by Bernier:
                      At Lahore I saw a most beautiful young widow sacrifised, who could not, I think, have been more than twelve years of age. The poor little creature appeared more dead than alive when she approached the dreadful pit: the agony of her mind cannot be described; she trembled and wept bitterly; but three or four of the Brahmanas, assisted by an old woman who held her under the arm, forced the unwilling victim toward the fatal spot lest she should run away, and in that situation the innocent creature was burnt alive. I found it difficult to repress my feelings and to prevent their bursting forth into clamorous and unavailing rage ...

(15.1) How has Bernier described the practice of sati?
(15.2) Describe the feelings of Bernier has highlighted the treatment of women as a crucial marker of difference between between Western and Eastern societies.
                                                                                     OR
                                                                        Colin Mackenzie   
Born in 1754, Colin Mackenzie became famous as an engineer, surveyor and cartographer. In 1815 he was appointed the first Surveyor General of India, a post he held till his death in 1821. He embarked on collecting local histories and surveying historic sites in order to better understand India's past and make governance of the colony easier. He says that "it struggled long under the miseries of bad management ... before the south came under the benign influence of the British government." By studying Vijayanagara, Mackenzie believed that the East India Company could gain "much useful information on many of these institutions, laws and customs whose influence still prevails among the various Tribes of Natives forming the general mass of the population to this day."
(15.1) Who was the first Surveyor General of India? what was his mission in India?
(15.2) What was the purpose behind Colin Mackenzie studying the Vijayanagara Empire? Explain.
(15.3) Explain how Mackenzie has described the British government as a benign influence on the Vijayanagara Empire.
16. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:
                                                                The jotedars of Dinajpur
Buchnan described the ways in which the jotedars of Dinajpur in North Bengal resisted being disciplined by the zamindar and undermined his power:
               Landlords do not like this class of men , but it is evident that they are absolutely necessary, unless the landlords themselves would advance money to their necessitous tenantry ...
             The jotedars who cultivated large portions of lands are very refractory, and know that the zamindars have no power over them. They pay only a few rupees on account of their revenue and then fall in balance almost every kist (instalment), they hold more lands then they are entitled to by their pottahs (deeds of contract). Should the zamindar's officers, in consequence summon them to the cutcherry, and detained them for one or two hours with a view to reprimand them, they immediately go and complain at the munsiff's (a judicial officer at the lower court) cutcherry for being dishonoured and whilst the causes continue unsettled, they instigate the petty ryots not to pay their revenue consequently ...

(16.1) Mention the various ways in which the jotedars of Dinajpur resisted the authority of zamindars.
(16.2) Describe the ways in which the jotedars undrmine the power of zamindars.
(16.3) Mention how the zamindars reprimanded the defiant jotedars.
                                                                             OR
"The British element is gone, but they have left the mischief behind"
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel said:
It is no use saying that we ask for separate electorates, because it is good for us . We have it long enough. We have heard it for years, and as a result of this agitation we are now a separate nation ... Can you show me one free country where there are separate electorates? If so, i shall be prepared to accept it. But in this unfortunate country if this electorate is going to be persisted in, even after the division of the country, woe betide the country; it is not worth living in. Therefore, I say, it is not for my good alone, it is for your on good that I say it, forget the past. One day, we may be united... The British element is gone, but they have left the mischief behind. We do not want to perpetuate that mischief behind. We do not want to perpetuate that mischief. (Hear, hear). When the British introduced this element they had not expected that they will have to go soon. They wanted it for their easy administration. That is all right. But yhey have left the legacy behind. Are we to get out of it or not?
(16.1) Explain Sardar Vallav Bhai patel's views on the issue of separate electorate system.
(16.2) In what ways did Sardar Patel explain that " The British element is gone, but they have left the mischief behind"?

(16.3) Mention the reasons behind Sardar Patel urging the assembly members to get rid of seperate electorate.

19 comments:

  1. this had been extremely useful. thank you sir. also please upload notes for class 12th ch- 8,9, 11, 12 ( History )

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thank you for the notes and question papers, could you also upload notes for Grade 12 THEMES 10,11,12,13,14 AND 15. As soons as possible.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Books for Higher Education - Buy Higher Education Books online at the discounted price only at Fastudent.com. Here we have a huge collection of school books, college books and higher education books.
    @ http://www.fastudent.com/college/shopby/books.html

    ReplyDelete
  4. Hello Everybody,
    My name is Mrs Sharon Sim. I live in Singapore and i am a happy woman today? and i told my self that any lender that rescue my family from our poor situation, i will refer any person that is looking for loan to him, he gave me happiness to me and my family, i was in need of a loan of S$250,000.00 to start my life all over as i am a single mother with 3 kids I met this honest and GOD fearing man loan lender that help me with a loan of S$250,000.00 SG. Dollar, he is a GOD fearing man, if you are in need of loan and you will pay back the loan please contact him tell him that is Mrs Sharon, that refer you to him. contact Dr Purva Pius,via email:(urgentloan22@gmail.com) Thank you.

    BORROWERS APPLICATION DETAILS


    1. Name Of Applicant in Full:……..
    2. Telephone Numbers:……….
    3. Address and Location:…….
    4. Amount in request………..
    5. Repayment Period:………..
    6. Purpose Of Loan………….
    7. country…………………
    8. phone…………………..
    9. occupation………………
    10.age/sex…………………
    11.Monthly Income…………..
    12.Email……………..

    Regards.
    Managements
    Email Kindly Contact: urgentloan22@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  5. PlS upload the lesson novels society and history class 10 case lesson. I like your blog very much. I was greatly disappointed when I came in search of that lesson. It may not be useful for me anymore but the next class can get benefitted know. Ur blog is always helpful for me.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Are you in need of a loan? Do you want to pay off your bills? Do you want to be financially stable? All you have to do is to contact us for more information on how to get started and get the loan you desire. This offer is open to all that will be able to repay back in due time. Note-that repayment time frame is negotiable and at interest rate of 3% just email us (creditloan11@gmail.com)

    ReplyDelete
  7. Sir why did u remove class 10 history notes? They were very helpful I have been following your blog since class 8 thanks for all the effort. I humbly request you to please upload them once again.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Sir why did u remove class 10 notes sir please post .Sir it's my humble request to you sir.plezzzzzzz

    ReplyDelete
  9. Sir please post class 10 notes sir please
    ........I request you please post. .....

    ReplyDelete
  10. Sir please post class 10 notes it's my humble request please post as soon as possible. Once again I request you please post sir plezzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz...

    ReplyDelete
  11. Sir please post class 10 notes sir please post as everyone are requesting sir please post

    ReplyDelete
  12. In the name of copying notes some students watch other unwanted websites on mobile. Some thing is better than nothing and nothing is better than nonsense. that is why i have removed them . thank you.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. i dont have time to waste.......i only use net inorder to surf ur blog only

      Delete
    2. Then why u remove only class 10 notes that means only class 10 students are bad, sir i need notes that notes was very helful,exams are coming so plzz upload that

      Delete
  13. Hello sir, my name is mih.. and I'm a student of class 10th.
    Sir, i was in deep trouble since i lost my history notes so i typed on google for notes and showed me some resuls. the 3rd link was of this blog and sir guess what from that day till i studied i will takes notes from this site/blog only. SIR YOUR NOTES ARE THE BRILLIANT ONE AND I TRUST YOUR 'CAUSE IT'S EACH AND EVERY LINE IS FROM NCERT....SIR I REQUEST YOU TO REGULARLY UPDATE THE NOTES. ALSO, I CANT FIND OUT THE NOTES OF CH1 HISTORY WHICH I USED TO 3 MONTHS AGO SO PLEASE SIR REFRESH THIS SITE REGULARLY..........THANKS

    ReplyDelete
  14. IT IS MY HUMBLEST REQUEST TO YOU TO PLEASE UPDATE HISTORY NOTES OF BOOK 3 FOR CLASS 12TH, NCERT. YOU'VE THR BEST NOTES I'VE EVER READ. PLEASE. PLEASE.PLEASE SIR.
    Thank you already

    ReplyDelete
  15. Sir,why are u not online plss reply and why are u not uploading the notes of class 10, we need it sir, exams are near pls pls plss sir upload that......... I request you

    ReplyDelete